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2019年湖北黄石英语中考试卷(答案)

黄石市2019年初中毕业生学业水平考试

英语试题卷

姓名:____ 准考证号:____

注意事项:

1.本试卷分试题卷和答题卡两部分。考试时间为120分钟。满分120分。

2.考生在答题前请阅读答题卡中的“注意事项”,然后按要求答题。

3.所有答案均须做在答题卡相应区域,做在其他区域无效。

★祝考试顺利★

听力部分(共25分)

I.听短对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出符合题意的图片。每段对话读两遍。(每小题1分,共5分)

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II.听句子,选择最佳答语。听下面的五个句子,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。每个句子读两遍。(每小题1分,共5分)

6. A. I’m glad you like it. B. No, it’s not beautiful. C.It doesn’t matter.

7. A. It’s five metres long. B. It’s five minutes’ far. C. lt’s five minutes’ walk.

8. A. Give you some red tea instead. B.OK. Here you are.

C. What did you say just now?

9. A. He is tall and thin. B. He likes reading. C.I don’t like him.

10. A. Sorry to hear that. B. Never mind. C. Look out!

III.听对话,选择正确答案。听下面两段对话,每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出能回答问题的最佳选项。每段对话读两遍。(每小题1分,共5分)

听下面一段对话,回答第11. 12小题。

11. How will Tim go to Europe?

A. By train.

B. By ship.

C.By plane.

12. How long is Tim going to stay in Europe?

A. About one week.

B. About a month.

C.About three weeks.

听下面一段对话,回答第13至15小题。

13. What will the two people do tomorrow?

A. Play games.

B. Watch a film.

C. Stay at home.

14. Why do they decide to go to City Screen?

A. Because it has the best service.

B. Because it has delicious food.

C. Because the seats and the screens are the best there.

15. Where is City Screen?

A. It is behind the supermarket.

B. It is far from the supermarket.

C. It is next to the main street.

IV.听短文从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出能回答问题的最佳选项。短文读两遍。(每小题1分,共5分)

16. How old was Tom when he could read on his own?

A. Five.

B. Seven.

C. Fourteen.

17. Who does Tom help by working in a reading program?

A. Students.

B. Animals.

C.Children.

18. How often does Peter come to the animal hospital?

A. Once a week.

B. Three times a week.

C. Twice a week.

19. Why does Peter choose to be a volunteer at the animal hospital?

A. Because he can learn to look after animals.

B. Because he can play with animals.

C. Because he can make friends with other volunteers.

20. What does Peter want to be in the future?

A. An animal protector.

B. An animal doctor.

C. An animal saver.

笔试部分(it95分)

I.单项选择(每小题1分,共1 0分)

A. B, C.D四个选项中,选出可以填人空白处的晟佳选项。

26. Bill bought____ useful book.——book is very interesting.

A.a: The

B.a;A

C.an; The

D.an;A

27. My brother has lost his watch. Now he is looking for____

A. one

B.this

C.that

D.it

28. In February, Chinese tech company Huawei____Mate X,afoldable(可折叠的)5Gmobile phone.

A. is introducing

B.introduced

C.introduces

D.was introduced

29.一Do you know Hong Kong - Zhuhai - Macao Bridge(港珠澳大桥)?

-Yesjlt is____cross- sea bridge in the world.

A. the longer

B.longest

C.the longest

D.longer

30. -The beautiful lady with glasses over there looks like our English teacher.

-It be her. She has gone abroad.

A. can't

B.may not

C.mustn't

D. needn7t

31. - He didn'tgotO school,didhe?

-, though he had a stomachache.

A. No, he didn't

B.Yes, he didn't

C.Yes, he did

D.No, he did

32. - More and more foreigners come to visit the Gfeat Wall.

-Tnat's true. It is the____of China_

A. praise B,pride C,effort D.courage

33. exciting news it is 1 3D一printed houses will come out!

A.What

B.What an C.How D,How an

34.-It's nearly lunch time.How about having some noodles and dumplings?

-

A.You're welcome

B.That's all right

C. That's nice of you

D. That sounds good

35.—1 wonder in Guangzhou in two hours.

-Of course.The high speed train is very fast.

A.When I Can arrive

B.When Can I arriVe

C.whetber I can ar“ve

D.whether ean I arrive

Ⅱ,完形填空(每小题1分,共1 0分)

阅读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从每小题所给的A. B. C.D四个选项中,选出最

佳选项。

A man sees a butterfly(蝴蝶).The butterfly tries to get out of its chrysalis(蛹).So the man decides to help. He cuts the chrysalis and the butterfly comes out 36 ,To his surprise, the butterfly is unable to fly. If the butterfly doesn't struggle(挣扎;奋斗)to get out of the chrysalis, it can't 37 !The struggle develops the energy in the butterfly which makes it fly. Similarly,the challenges(挑战)of life bring out the best in young people and prepare the 38 to fly.

When people are young, meeting and overcoming challenges wilt make them strong and ready to 39 life. If we look at successful people, we will find that the more challenges they have had, the more 40 they are. One famous man, who now owns many big factories, used to sell socks from door to door when he was young, 41 successful man is Eric. He set up a college 42 the age of 30. His father died when he was only 16. As the oldest child in the family, he worked in the day and studied in the night. His father's death forced him to 43 fast. He took up the challenges and overcame them. Today, not only he himself, 44 also his brothers and sisters are leading successful lives.

Some parents and teachers actively 45 young people to face challenges. It is important for them to learn to meet challenges and overcome them.

36. A. easily B. silently C. bravely D. suddenly

37. A. stand B. run C. fly D. jump

38.A. method B. ability C. situation D. luck

39.A. sense B. like C. believe D. face

40.A. successful B. excited C. dangerous D. careful

41. A. Other B. Another C. Others D. The other

42.A. on B. by C. at D. in

43.A. get up B. set up C. give up D. grow up

44.A. but B. or C. so D. and

45.A. experience B. provide C. encourage D. promise

Ⅲ,阅读理解(每小题2分,共40分)

阅读A、B、C三篇材料,然后从各小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

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I'm sure you all know how important recycling is.

Recycling is when you take old things and turn them into new

things. It sounds like magic. But it's actually very scientific.

?

A. It's a magic performance.

B. It's a way of burning old things.

C.It's a way to make old things useful.

D. It's a scientific research.

47. Which material is not mentioned in the passage?

A. Rubber.

B. Metal

C. Glass.

D. Plastic.

48. You can put your old things into a recycling bin except _______.

A. soda cans

B. magazines

C. cereal boxes

D. all bottles

49.The “3 arrows” shows that the items .

A. have some valuable stamps

B. are in a triangle circle

C. are recycled and reused

D. are thrown away

50. The passage is mainly about .

A. recyclable materials

B. recyclable daily things

C. the recycling process

D. recycling in a scientific way

B

Once upon a time, a wealthy old man lived alone in a big house. He was growing weaker day Toy day and was unable to take care of himself, so he decided to hire(雇佣) a nurse to help with housework and take care of him.

One day, the old man interviewed two nurses —Anthony and Peter. Anthony happened to?be a handsome young man, while Peter looked quite ordinary (普通的). The old man asked Anthony to make tea for him. After Anthony left, the old man turned to Peter and said, “Anthony has given me a very bad account(描述)of you. He said you are rude(粗鲁的) and untrustwarthy (信赖的) . Is this correct? ”

Peter thought for a minute and said, “I f Anthony has a bad opinion of me, there must be something wrong with me. I shoutd take some time to change these things.”

The old man was very impressed by Peter’s character. Meanwhile, Anthony returned with?a cup of tea for the old man, The old man sent Peter to make breakfast for him. He then turned?to Anthony and told him, “Peter spoke very poorly of you while you were gone. What do you think ahout this? ” After hearing this, Anthony became angry and started cursing(咒骂).

In the end, the old man hired Peter. Altbough Peter looked quite ordinary, he had impressive inner(内在的) beauty.

51. What did the old man want a nurse to do?

A. Live with him.

B. Help with housework and look after his wife.

C. Work as a doctor.

D. Help with housework and look after him.

52. What did Anthony look like?

A.Handsome.

B.Ordinary.

C.Old.

D.Ugly.

53. The old man told Peter that Anthony__________.

A. had had some bad words of him

B. had praised him

C. did not trust him

D. considered him to be not important

54. How did Peter react(反应) when he heard the old man's words?

A. He was angry.

B. He took it seriously.

C. He didn't believe him.

D. He blamed (责备) Anthony.

55. What can we learn from the passage?

A. Ordinary people are more trustworthy.

B. Handsome men must be good men.

C. Inner beauty is more important than appearance.

D. Others' opinions are always correct.

C

Earlier this year, China achieved a new milestone(里程碑)in space exploration. On Jan 3, Chang'e 4 became the first space probe(探测器)in history to successfully land on the far side (dark side) of the moon. After a 26-day journey, it touched softly down on a crater. The whole process of landing lasted 12 minutes, which opened a new page in history of mankind's space exploration.

The far side of the moon is the side that we can not see. We don't know much about it. This landing is of great importance. The far side of the moon is an ideal (理想的) place for scientific research.It may have unique minerals (矿物质) and other resources. Scientists can make clearer observations of deep space from there.

Chang'e 4 has sent back photos of the far side of the moon. It is also being used to carry out experiments. The data (数据) collected from these experiments could be used to help us build?a base on the moon in the future. The success of the Chang'e 4 mission (任务) is a major achievement for China's space program.

China launched its lunar (月球的) exploration program in 2004, naming it Chang'e. Chinese scientists set three goals—“orbiting (环绕运行) , landing and sample (样本) returning”. Chang'e 4 has realized the second goal. The third will be achieved during the Chang'e 5 mission, which is set to take place before the end of this year.

Following the success of the Chang'e missions, Chinese scientists are looking even farther into our solar system (太阳系) . China's first Mars mission is expected to be carried out by 2020.

56. Chang'e 4 is the first space probe in the world to land .

A. in deep space

B. on the moon

C. on the near side of the moon

D. on the far side of the moon

57. What's the most important about the landing place?

A. It's far from the earth.

B. It has many resources.

C. It's ideal for scientific research.

D. It's dark and unknown.

58. The underirned word “observations” in paragraph 2 means________.

A. 学习

B. 观察

C. 描述

D. 庆祝

59. Which of the following is the second goal of China’s lunar explo ration grogram?

A. Landing on the moon.

B. Bring some samples back to the earth.

C. Building a base on the moon.

D. Travelling around the moon.

60. What can be the best title of the passage?

A. The Space Probe.

B. Exploring the Moon.

C. The Three Goals.

D. Exploring the Mars.

D

阅读下面材料,根据要求完成61-65。

People in different countries speak different languages. But is there a lanuage that can be understood by everyone in the world ? Emojis might be the first truly universal(通用的)language.

Emojis are a kind of special language. Pictures are used to put meaning across, A group called the Unicode Consortium is in charge of choosing official(官方的) emojis. It has added new emojis every year since 2014. These new emojis do not come out of nowhere. They come from what people think about, like and care about.

Emojis can be used to represent (代表) different groups of people. In 2015, emoji faces with different skin tones (肤色)were added. In 2016, different jobs were added, such as doctor, police officer and painter along with female versions of these jobs, This year, emojis of disabled people were added, including emojis of blind people and people in wheel chairs.

But there is also more to emojis. They can also refer to pop culture and new cultural trends. New emojis in 2019 have included several animals, such as sloths(树懒)and flamingos (火烈鸟).These animals are not very common, but are known to many people. For example, sloths have become popular thanks to the 2016 film Zootopia (《疯狂动物城》). Many fashion designers have included flamingos in their designs in recent years. This animal makes people feel like they're on a tropical (热带)vacation.

It seems that emojis are a mirror of the world we live in. It will be interesting to see how they change and grow in the years to come.

根据短文内容,完成下列任务。

61. Emojis are a special language using the to put meaning across. (仅填1个词)

62. Where do new emojis come from?(回答不超过9个词)

63. When did emojis begin to show different jobs?(回答不超过2个词)

64. What kind of animals have been included in 2019?(回答不超过6个词)

65.将画线句子翻译成汉语。

Ⅳ.情景交际(每小题1分,共5分)

根据对话内容,从方框中A-G七个选项中,选出五个能补全对话的最佳选项(有两项

多余)。

Susan: Hi, Anita. I bought three shirts for 200 yuan yesterday!

Anita: Oh, really? What are they made of ?

Susan: A hundred percent cotton. 66

Anita: Oh, OK. By the way, where did you buy those chopsticks?

Susan: Oh 67 They’re nice, aren’t they?

Anita: Yeah. Chopsticks are usually made of wood. 68

Susan: Oh, Steel chopsticks are more popular in Korea. Hey, do you think this ring look OK? Anita: Hmm….yes. I think it’s quite pretty. 69

Susan:Yes, it was made in Thailand. 70

Anita:Oh, I’m sure she’l love it.

?

从方框中选择适当的词并用其正确形式填空,使短文完整、通顺。每空只填一词(有两

?

Each different part of China has its own special forms of traditional art.

Chinese paper cutting, or jianzhi, is a kind of folk art. It's a way to 71 people's hope and feelings. It has a 72 of more than l,500 years. Paper cutting sounds very easy but it can be difficult. Red paper is usually used as red is 73 with happiness in Chinese culture. The most 74 pictures are flowers, animals, xi(喜)and fu(福). They are put on windows, doors, and walls 75 symbols of wishes for good luck.

Chinese clay art is well known and popular all over the country. Now many kids learn to make it in schools or even shopping 76 . To make Chinese clay art, the clay is shaped by hand into things, such as cute children or 77 characters from a Chinese fairy tale or historical story. 78 the things get dry in the air, they are fired at a very high heat and then polished and painted.It takes several weeks to 79 everything. Although they look so?small, they look very real. 80 small pieces of clay art show the love that all Chinese people have for life and beauty.

Ⅵ.写作(共两节,满分20分)

第一节短文改错(共10小题。每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的一篇作文,文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(/)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

When you travel in a foreign country, it is important to know what to ask for help politely. For example, he may ask “Where is the nearest hotel?” or “Could you please tell me that where the nearest hotel is?” These are similar question for directions. Although both are correct, second one sounds more polite. It is not enough just to ask a question correct. You also need to ask for help in a polite way.

It may seem much difficult to speak politely than directly. However, it was important to learn how to use the right language on different situations. Being polite will help you to communicating better with others.

第二节书面表达(满分10分)

假如你是国际学校的学生李华,你的同学Tom写了一封邮件询问你暑假的安排,请给Tom回封邮件,告知你的计划,并邀请他来黄石游玩。

内容包括:1、读几本好书;

2、参加社会实践活动;

3、帮父母做家务;

4、和朋友一起锻炼;

5、邀请Tom。

注意:1、词数80左右;

2、可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3、文中不能出现与本人相关信息;

4、开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。

参考词忙:有意义的meaningful

经典文学作品classic literature works

社会实践活动social practice activities

Dear Tom,

I'm very happy to bear from you.

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