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2019年浙江温州英语中考试卷(答案)

英语试题卷

一、单项填空(本题有10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案。

1. - Peter, shall we go for a picnic this Sunday?

- OK. Let's add it to _____________ weekend plan.

A. a

B. an

C. the

D. /

2. - Sir, did you enjoy your stay in our________________?

- Yes, I slept well and I like the breakfast.

A. hotel

B. school

C. factory

D. company

3. The living room becomes ____________as the sunlight comes in through the windows.

A. bigger

B. cleaner

C. quieter

D. brighter

4. Sam finds sweeping robots useful, and he plans to buy ___________ for his grandma.

A. it

B. one

C. this

D. that

5. Betty felt so tired last night that she ____________ fell asleep in bed after lying down.

A. recently

B. suddenly

C. frequently

D. immediately

6. We don’t allow taking magazines out, but you ____________ copy the article you need on the

machine over there.

A. can

B. must

C. should

D. would

7. The instructions tell us everything ____________ about how to make the model ship.

A. by hand

B. by chance

C. in detail

D. in person

8. –Linda, Dad has finished his work and we ___________ to the gym to pick you up.

-Thank you, Mum.

A. drive

B. drove

C. have driven

D. are driving

9. - Could you tell me ____________________?

- You will stay with an English family and take part in their daily life.

A. when I should pay for the course

B. what the best part of the course is

C. how long the shortest course lasts

D. where I can go sightseeing after class

10. –Tony, hurry up and don't forget to lock the door.

- ___________________. I'm getting my coat.

A. Wait a minute

B. No deal

C. Nothing serious

D. Bad luck

二、完形填空(本题有15小题,每小题1分,共15分)

阅读短文,掌握大意,然后从每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

Ashley was outspoken, fashionable, and the "Queen Bee" in my school.

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I looked up to her and idolized her. I listened to the music she listened to, wore the clothes she wore. I even took art class though I had really wanted to take theatre. I finally fitted in 11 group.

One day, I skipped out of my last class a few minutes early to?__12 seats for our group at the dining hall. Concentrating on my homework, I didn't notice they had sat down behind me. Before I could say a word, I realized what they were13 .

I listened silently. "She's such a loser," one girl said.

Another girl added, "Ashley, she 14 follows you, trying to copy you."

"I wish she would leave us alone. We were in the same summer school and now she thinks we're best friends." The once?familiar voice sounded so 15 and strange.

I was mortified. My hands were shaking. I couldn't help crying 16 . I felt heart-broken?for the very first time. How did this happen? I 17 we were friends.

I ran home. My mother just held me while I sobbed for hours. The advice she gave was so __18 , and I had heard it?a million times. "Just be yourself and people will like you for 19__ you are. " This time it became so profound. Then and there I 20 to find myself back. That was exactly-what I did.

Over the next month, I went through a lot of 21 . I bought new clothes that I wanted to wear. I no longer went to art class 22 them, and took theatre. I began making new friends. I developed my own 23 and never again followed the crowd.

I had an amazing school year. 24 I look back, I think it was the year when I discovered the person I was going to be. Despite the pain I felt that day, it was a 25 they had given me.

11. A. my B. her C. his D. our

12. A. get B. buy C. rent D. move

13. A. thinking about B. talking about C. waiting for D. asking for

14. A. once B. always C. hardly D. never

15. A. serious B. special C weak D. cold

16. A. sadly B. shyly C. excitedly D. nervously

17. A. found B. admitted C. realized D. thought

18. A. funny B. simple C. useful D. different

19. A. where B. what C. how D. who

20. A. failed B. forgot C. decided D. continued

21. A. pains B. doubts C. changes D. troubles

22. A. with B. about C. against D. without

23. A skills B. habits C. projects D. opinions

24. A. Before B. Unless C. When D. If

25. A. gift B. choice C. promise D. surprise

三、阅读理解(本题有15小题。第26 - 28小题,每小题1分:第29 -39小题,每小题2分;第40小题5分。共30分)

阅读下面短文,第26-39小题从所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项,第40小题在答题纸规定区域作答。

Hot Dog is popular. It's not a dog, but a cooked sausage in a long piece of bread. Here are some stories and facts about it The 1600s?to26. Americans started the tradition of eating hot dogs at baseball parks in ___________.

A 1871 B. 1893 C. 1901 D. 1949

27. It's believed that the name "Hot Dog" was created by _______________.

A. Tad Dorgan

B. Charles Feltman

C. Chris V on Der Ahe

D. Johann Georghehner

28. What can we know about hot dogs from the passage?

A. New Yorkers like eating hot dogs most in the world.

B. Germans eat about 150 million hot dogs each July 4th.

C. A world record says someone ate 73 hot dogs in 10 minutes.

D. About 21 million hot dogs were sold in America in the 1860s.

B

Have you ever jumped on a trampoline? Today many people use it for exercise.

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Back in the 1980s, researchers found that jumping on a trampoline was a good way to help astronauts regain their strength. Actually, trampolining has many advantages. It helps bones * and muscles * grow and improves your balance by stimulating * the inner ear. It is especially useful for increasing flow of the lymphatic system. which helps your body get rid of harmful toxins. Trampolining has benefits similar to those of running, but without too much stress on knees and ankles.

If you would like to start trampolining, you may first need to ask a doctor to make sure it's a safe activity for you. It's easy to find an inexpensive trampaline, but it should be well made and strong enough to support your weight. To avoid accidents, some trampolines have 8 safety net around them. Remember: whenever you are on a trampoline, be careful not to jump near the edge of it.

Here are a few exercises for beginners,

★High Knee Lift. Raise one knee at a time. Lift your knee higher than you usually do when you are running.

★Star Jump . Jump into the air and spread your arms and legs into a star shape. As you gain more confidence, practice more difficult levels:

★Tuck Jump. At the top of your jump, bring the knees to the chest. with the arms holding the legs.

★Pike Jump. Jump high, bring the legs up, and point the toes forward. Touch your toes with hands.

There are many more exercises you can try. Happy trampolining!

29. According to the passage, what benefit can we get from trampolining?

A. It helps with bone growth.

B. It cures illnesses in our knees.

C. It helps reduce stress on musecles.

D. It prevents ears from being hurt.

30. How can we do trampolining safely?

A. Buy an expensive trampoline.

B. Jump in the center of a trampoline.

C. Choose a trampoline without a net.

D. Lose weight before starting trampolining.

31. Which picture shows Tuck Jump?

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32. This passage introduces _______________.

A. an exercise to improve our fitness

B. an exercise to gain self-confidence

C. a way to keep balance when we jump

D. a way to avoid accidents when exercising

C

Many objects in the universe are invisible*,but they send radio waves.

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The radio telescope* thus appeared, and it is considered one of the greatest inventions in the twentieth century. Reber built the world's first radio telescope in 1937. Ryle and Hewish developed radio telescope systems for the location of weak radio sources, and they shared the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1974.

A radio telescope is usually made up of:

◆One or more antennas to collect the radio waves. Most

antennas are made in the shape of a dish to collect and reflect, the radio waves to the sub-reflector, in the same way as a curved mirror focuses visible light to one point.

◆ A receiver and amplifier to receive the radio waves from the sub-reflector, and make these weak radio waves strong enough to be recorded and turned into electronic signals. To make an amplifier sensitive enough, it is usually cooled to, very low temperatures (e. g. as low as -270℃).

◆ A recorder to keep a record of the electronic signals. Most :radio telescopes today keep the signals to the computer's memory disk for astronomers to analyze later.

Radio wavelengths are much longer than those of visible light, and the radio waves from deep space are always weak. To catch Radio wavelengths are much longer than those of visible light,and the radio waves from deep space are always weak. To catch these waves, radio telescopes usually have huge antennas. The sizes of most antennas in use today are around 50 to 300 metres in diameter. The antenna of FAST in Guizhou, China, the latest and largest radio telescope in the world, is 500 metres in diameter, as large as the size of 30 football fields.

To avoid interferences, and keep the telescopes sensitive, radio telescopes are built in places where there are no human radio waves or electronic signals. For example, FAST is 5 kilometres away from the closest village and 25 kilometres away from the nearest town.

Radio telescopes create pictures of the sky, not in visible light, but in radio waves. This is extremely useful, because there are objects that can't be seen, objects that we wouldn't even know?without radio telescopes.

33. Radio telescopes help collect ____________ from the universe

A. light

B. objects

C. radio waves

D. visible signals

34. Most antennas of radio telescopes are made in the shape of a dish to ____________.

A. make the antennas strong enough

B. increase the number of radio waves

C. turn radio waves into electronic signals

D. focus radio waves on the sub-reflector

35. The underlined word "interferences" in the passage refers to __________________.

A. the noises made by villagers and animals

B. the sounds from the radios and televisions

C. the people who go to Guizhou to watch FAST work

D. the radio waves and electronic signals from humans

36. What have we done with the help of radio telescopes?

A. We have received pictures of deep space.

B. We have discovered unknown lives in the universe.

C. We have found some unknown objects in the universe.

D. We have turned the radio waves from space into light.

D

I live in Mentone, a quiet, simple, restful place, where the rich never come. I met Theophile Magnan, a retired, rich, old man from Lyons yesterday. in the Hotel des Anglais. Theophile looked sad and dreamy, and didn't talk with anybody else. which brought me back to the past.

A long time ago, Francois Millet. Claude, Carl and I were young artists - very young artists - in fact.

Yes, Francois Millet. the great French artist, was my friend.

Millet wasn’t any greater than we were at that time. He didn't have any fame, even in his own village.

We were all poor though we had stacks and stacks of as good pictures as anybody in Europe painted. Once a person ever offered four francs * for Millet’s "Angelus", which he intended to sell for eight.

It was a fact in human history that a great artist would never be acknowledged* until after he was starved and dead. His pictures climbed to high prices after his death.

Then we made a decision that one of us must die, to save the others and himself.

Millet was elected * .elected to die.

During the next three months Millet painted with all his might, enlarged his stock all he could, not pictures, no! sketches, studies, parts of studies, fragments of studies, of course, with his cipher * on them.

They were the things to be sold.

Carl went to Paris to start the work of building up Millet's name. Claude and I went to sell Millet's small pictures and to build up his name as well.

We made Millet a master. I always said to my customer, "I am a fool to sell a picture of Francois Millet's at all, for he is not going to live three months, and when he dies his pictures can't be had for love or money. "

Claude and I took care to spread that little fact as far as we could.

Carl made friends with the correspondents, and got Millet's condition reported to England and all over the continent, and America, and everywhere.

The sad end came at last, Millet died, not really. He became Theophile Magnan.

The pictures went up. There's a man in Paris today who owns seventy Millet pictures. He paid us two million francs for them. Do you still remember the "Angelus"? Carl sold it for twenty-two hundred francs. And as for the bushels of sketches and studies which Millet produced in the last six weeks, well, it would astonish you to know the figure we sell them at nowadays.

We are no longer artists and Millet dead.

37.''Why did the four friends decide to elect one of them to die?

A. They wanted to be rich.

B. They wanted to be famous.

C. They wanted to save money.

D. They wanted to be respected.

38. Which of the following statements is TRUE about the passage?

A. The writer lives a busy life in Mentone.

B. Millet was finally made a famous artist.

C. Millet painted best among the four friends.

D. The story was written in memory of Millet.

39. What made the four friends' plan succeed?

A. That they didn't want to be artists any longer.

B. That Millet's pictures were sold at very high prices.

C. People's attitude towards the artists who were starving.

D. People's desire to own precious art works at low prices.

40. Is Millet living or dead? Why?(请用约40词回答)

____________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________

四、词汇运用(本题有15小题,每小题1分,共15分)

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42.I usually play with my little sister at home on _____________ days.

43. Adam has been working in the hospital ____________ he left school.

44. One hundred trees __________ along the riverside yesterday afternoon.

45. Qomolangma, the world Highest mountain is about 8,848 metres __________ sea level.

B. 根据短文内容和所给中文提示,用单词的正确形式完成以下短文。

Lydia runs and picks up rubbish along the way. What she does is called "plogging", an activity combining collecting rubbish with running. Last 46 (六月)she first learned the idea of plogging on the Intemet and decided to plog.

Lydia runs four or 47 (五) times a week and takes a daily walk with her two dogs. She often wears her gloves and takes several 48 (袋子) when she goes out. Sometimes she spends 49 (一半,半数) an hour collecting rubbish. She says she 50 (浪费) the last few years of her running life. Now she feels" 51 (更好的) to do plogging than just running by the litter." It just takes a moment to stop and pick something up off the ground. 52 (然而) , it makes a big difference to my community. Now my husband also 53 (加入) me," Lydia says __54 (自豪地). "It doesn't matter how much rubbish I pick up. It's。good way to protect our

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__55 (星球))

五、书面表达(本题有l小题,共20分)

56.最近,用手机APP买菜的人多了。手机菜场菜品丰富、洗净配好、预约送菜上门……外国朋友对此也很感兴趣。

请你以A New Use of the Mobile Phone为题,写一篇110词左右的英语短文介绍手机买菜带来的便利,让外国朋友了解中国人民生活中的这个新变化。

A New Use of the Mobile Phone

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【小词典】

acknowledge v.承认,认可bone n. 骨骼chest n. 胸部

cipher n. 标记crowd n. 大众elect v. 选举,推选

franc n. 法国法郎invisible ad. 不可见的muscle n. 肌肉

profound adj. 深刻的radio telescope射电望远镜reflect n. 反射

signal n. 信号stimulate v. 刺激toe n. 脚趾

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英语参考答案

第一部分客观题

1-5 CADBD 6-10 ACDBA 11-15 BABBD 16-20 ADBDC

21-25 CADCA 26-30 BACAB 31-35 DACDD 36-39 CABD

第二部分主观题

三、阅读理解第40题I共5分):

回答要点:

文中作为画家的Millet在公众眼中已经死去。他隐姓埋名,以Theophile Magnan的名字,苟活于世间;他既不敢让公众知道他的过去,也不敢做他喜欢的事情;他虽富有,却不快乐。他神情忧伤、恍惚。他活着,他也死了。

参考答案:

①Millet is living. In order to sell his pictures at high prices. he pretended to be dead. He continues to live in the world with

a new name Theophile Magnan. (30词)

②Millet is dead. There is no famous artist called Millet living in the world any longer. He only lives in people's memory. Everything related to the artist Millet has become history. (31词)

③Millet is living. He just pretended to be dead and took a new name Theophile Magnan. To some extent, he is dead. There is no famous artist called Millet living in the world any longer. Everything related to the artist Millet has become history. (45词)

四、词汇运用(本题有J5小题,每小题1分. 共15分)

41. Children 42. rainy 43. since 44. were planted 45. above

46. June 47. five 48. bags 49. half 50. wasted/ has wasted

51. better 52. However 53. joins 54. proudly 55. planet

五、书面表达(本题有l题,共20分)

参考例文

A New Use of the Mobile Phone

Preparing for meals is tiring. You may have to spend hours getting everything ready for cooking. Now in China, new mobile apps are here to help.

These apps provide you with meat, fish, and vegetables, almost everything you need for a meal. You ,an order whenever you like and decide on the time for them to arrive. If you like. they can be washed, cut and packed for a certain dish.

Some apps even guide you to cook step by step, making cooking easier.

Compared with the traditional way of going to the market, mobile apps save your time and energy. With such a new use of the mobile phone, you can enjoy a more relaxing life.

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